A source for Europe's labor needs since the 1960s, Moroccan migrants and their remittances are central to the economy back home. International Migration Review, 32(2), 423-50. Pays voisin de l'Europe, le Maroc est un partenaire important pour l'Allemagne. Available online. "Morocco's migration transition: Trends, Determinants and Future Scenarios." Comme le pays fait partie de l'Union européenne (… Usa - Nachrichten und Information: An 365 Tagen im Jahr, rund um die Uhr aktualisiert, die wichtigsten News auf tagesschau.de Receiving $3.6 billion in official remittances in 2003, Morocco was the fourth largest remittance receiver in the developing world. They also exceed the value of direct foreign investments, which are also much more unstable. Oxford: University of Oxford. "La nouvelle loi marocaine relative à l’entrée et au séjour des étrangers au Maroc, et à l'émigration et l'immigration irrégulières." Start-up Visa . Working Paper No. Maroc Macédoine Mexique Moldova Monténégro Pays-Bas Niger Nigéria Autriche Pakistan Palestine Pérou Pologne Portugal République de Corée Roumanie Russie Suède Sénégal Serbie Zimbabwe Slovaquie Slovénie Somalie Espagne Sri Lanka Afrique du Sud Soudan Syrie Tanzanie Thaïlande République tchèque Tunisie Turquie Ukraine Hongrie Venezuela The precolonial population history of Morocco has been characterized by continually shifting patterns of human settlement and uprooting of sedentary and (semi-) nomadic groups. Along with the dismantling of the control apparatus in Europe, this has meant a more positive attitude towards naturalization and dual citizenship. "The Development Impact of Temporary International Labour Migration on Southern Mediterranean Sending Countries:Contrasting Examples of Morocco and Egypt". de Haas, Hein (2003). Florence: European University Institute, RSCAS. Rabat: Commission Européenne. Jetzt aktuelle Nachrichten von heute lesen! Rabat: Fondation Hassan II. Mettez vos conversations à l’abri des regards indiscrets sur WhatsApp ! Donald Trump steht zusehends in der Kritik. Corona-Pandemie USA schieben Menschen mit Coronavirus ab. During World War I, 40,000 were recruited, and 126,000 were recruited during World War II for the French army. OECD (2004). Contactez-nous. In the meantime, Morocco seems to be evolving into a transit and immigration country for migrants from sub-Saharan Africa. Since 2000, there has been a spectacular increase in official remittances, which stood at $3.6 billion in 2003. Available online. Between 1968 and 1992, the officially registered remittances rose from $23 million to $2.1 billion per year. However, over the 1990s an ominous stagnation in remittances, at around $2 billion per year, generated the fear of a future decline. Yet this post-colonial migration was only modest compared with the 1962-1972 decade, when the magnitude and geographical scope of Moroccan emigration dramatically expanded. Available online. Since the mid 1990s, intensified border patrolling in the Strait of Gibraltar has prompted migrants to cross from more eastern places on the Mediterranean coast and to explore new crossing points to Europe, such as the Canary Islands. Paris: OECD. In 2002, official remittances represented 6.4 percent of the gross national product (GNP), 22 percent of the total value of imports, and six times the total development aid paid to Morocco. Moroccans form one of the largest and most dispersed non-Western migrant communities in Western Europe. Undocumented migrants usually enter either by riding in pateras (small fishing boats chartered by smugglers) or speedboats, hiding in trucks or migrants' vans, or carrying false papers. Dabei setzt die US-Regierung vor allem auf Produktionskapazitäten. Mansvelt Beck, Jan and Paolo De Mas (2001). A ministry for Moroccans residing abroad was created in 1990. The demand for laborers on the farms of French colons (settlers) and in the expanding Algerian coastal cities attracted a rising number of seasonal and circular migrants. Il y a moins d'un an, l’Autriche s’est dotée d’un nouveau gouvernement constitué d’une coalition droite-extrême droite ouvertement anti-immigration. It stimulated labor recruitment from relatively marginal Berber-speaking areas of the southwestern Sous valley, the oases of southeastern Morocco, and the northern Rif Mountains, a region notorious for its rebellious attitude to central authority. Themselves former labor exporters, Spain, Italy, and even Portugal have emerged as new destination countries since the mid 1980s. They are mostly flown in from Asia to West-African capitals. However, in the longer term, emigration might decrease following the substantial decline of people attaining working age in the decades after 2010, although this obviously depends on future economic growth. From 1992 to 2001, about 430,000 Moroccans living in Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Norway were granted the nationality of an EU Member State (see Figure 1). Geneva: ILO. Basfao, Kacem and Hinde Taarji eds (1994). Sadiqi, Fatima (2004). München, Rabat: Technische Universität München, Université Mohammed V, 51-58. In terms of remittances, the total amount of money and goods increased steadily up until the early 1990s. Brighton/Portland: Sussex Academic Press. En plus de l’immigration dv lautery et l’immigration en France, la capital Rabat connait l’ouverture d’un nouveau bureau d’immigration Center of Australia, qui a pour objectif d’organiser l’immigration vers l’Australie, la pub du center of Australia apparait ces derniers temps sur plusieurs quotidiens nationaux ce qui pousse la plupart de nos jeunes chômeurs à changer […] Since the mid 1990s, Morocco has developed into a transit migration country for these migrants, a mixed group of asylum seekers and, increasingly, labor migrants. European Agenda on Migration 2015-2020; Internal Security; Securing EU borders; Border crossing . To An Austria Visa Welcome to the website of the Austria Visa Application Centre in Morocco. je souhaite commencer ma procédure d’immigration en Australie. Yet there is already a high level of bilateral cooperation with the some EU Member States, chiefly with Spain. Between 1985 and 1995, some 314,000 migrants returned to Morocco from France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, the UK, and Denmark. La ministre fédérale autrichienne de l'Intérieur, Maria Fekter, était en visite au Maroc en début de semaine. : [email protected], Johanna Mikl-Leitne, ministre de l’intérieur d'Autriche, D'AUTRES ARTICLES QUI POURRAIENT VOUS INTÉRESSER, USA : le collège électoral confirme la victoire de Joe Biden, ONMT : liaisons aériennes supplémentaires entre la France et le Maroc, Maroc : l’industrie a récupéré plus de 96% des emplois perdus, Dacia Logan et Sandero de 2ème génération : la page est tournée, Afrique : les exportations marocaines en augmentation annuelle moyenne de 10% depuis 2009, CAF : Tariq Sijilmassi présente le rapport de sa commission au Comité exécutif, Vrai ou Fake sur le Covid-19 au Maroc, lundi 14 décembre, Aradei Capital : l’introduction en Bourse souscrite plus de 4 fois [Vidéo], Suivez le LIVE de l’émission « Ach Waq3 » de MFM Radio, Industrie : l’américain Adient poursuit sa politique d’investissement dans le Royaume, Évolution du coronavirus au Maroc : 1217 nouveaux cas, 400.826 au total, lundi 14 décembre à 18 heures, Maroc : voici le calendrier des jours fériés en 2020. Vienna Migration Conference The Vienna Migration Conference 2020 took place in a unique and dramatic year. Mr Bricolage renforce sa présence à Casablanca, Le groupe AMA Détergents investit 40 MDH dans les produits d’hygiène en papier, Puissance militaire : le Maroc occupe la 1ère place au Maghreb, BASF s’attaque au marché de la peinture pour carrosserie, Le Maroc sera le dernier pays au monde à lever le confinement généralisé, Tetouan : Une première, les prostituées manifestent pour leurs droits, Sahara marocain : Ban Ki-moon « présente » ses excuses au Maroc, Coronavirus : voici le plan de déconfinement préconisé par Mohamed El Youbi, Coronavirus : les cafés et restaurants réouvrent leurs portes… mais sous conditions, Habillement : Le pilote Mehdi Bennani lance sa collection de prêt à porter, CDG : webinaire pour repenser les déterminants de la politique sanitaire, Marche Verte : webinaire en direct de Laâyoune, Lancement de la première édition du programme EMERGING Mediterranean, Le 5ème sommet Africa Fintech se tiendra virtuellement, Langages du Sud se penche sur le rôle du sport dans l’éducation et la citoyenneté, Le Salon Avicole « Dawajine 2019 » du 26 au 28 novembre à Casablanca, Tourisme-Voyage : Marrakech accueille le PURE Life Experiences, Pollutec Maroc tient sa 11ème édition bientôt à Casablanca. L’Autriche suit ainsi le chemin de l’Allemagne, qui avait annoncé la semaine dernière qu’elle allait place le Maroc, l’Algérie et la Tunisie dans sa liste de « pays sûrs ». Between 1980 and 2004, the combined Moroccan population officially residing in Spain and Italy increased from about 20,000 to 650,000. To find a center, you can display the contact details of your nearest accredited centre by clicking on the location of your choice. Family reunification was largely completed by the end of the 1980s. Aktueller Hinweis. During World War I and World War II, an urgent lack of manpower in France led to the active recruitment of tens of thousands of Moroccan men for factories, mines, and the French army. In recent years, it has become easier, cheaper, and more attractive for Moroccans to remit money because of a government-encouraged expansion of Moroccan bank branches in Europe, the lifting of restrictions on foreign exchange, fiscal measures that favor migrants, and devaluations that increase the value of foreign currency. (1999). Atlantic Immigration Pilot. Belguendouz, Abdelkrim (2005). Obwohl es in den USA die besten Krankenhäuser auf der Welt gibt, haben viele Menschen keinen Zugang zu ihnen. This is not the first time the migration route between Africa and the Canaries saw a surge. Dr. Götz Schmidt-Bremme. Available online. VFS GLOBAL Services Pvt. Si vous êtes un citoyen canadien ou résident permanent canadien et que vous voulez parrainer votre conjoint(e) ou enfant(s), veuillez consulter la page du Parrainage familial. ... le décret anti-immigration contesté en justice sur sa constitutionnalité . Der News-Ticker. Das Coronavirus hat in den USA so schwerwiegende Folgen wie nirgendwo sonst auf der Welt. The 1973 oil crisis heralded a period of economic stagnation and restructuring, resulting in rising unemployment and a lower demand for unskilled laborers in Western Europe. The Moroccan government also prevented migrants from organizing themselves politically and, as such, from forming an opposition force from abroad. Carling, Jørgen (2004). Le guide « Immigrer au Québec » accompagne depuis 10 ans toutes les personnes désireuses de s’établir au Québec pour y vivre, y travailler ou encore y étudier. Remittances are a crucial and relatively stable source of foreign exchange and have become vital in sustaining Morocco's balance of payments. During the 1990s, however, migration to Europe from Morocco continued as the children of guest workers married people from their parents' home regions. D'ailleurs, la plupart des informations sur le site web de l'immigration et les formulaires de demande de visa sont disponibles uniquement en allemand. The Disparate Socio-Economic Impacts of Out-Migration on the Todgha Oasis Valley. Smaller communities live in the Scandinavian countries (17,000), the United Kingdom (50,000), the United States (85,000), and the Canadian province of Quebec (70,000). Québec, terre d’opportunités ! Les autrichiens résidant à l'étranger, les voyageurs en provenance de ou à destination de l'Autriche ainsi que tous ceux qui s'intéressent aux relations bilatérales entre l'Autriche et le Maroc trouveront ici des informations actualisées et des renseignements utiles. Advertisements on the radio and television target Moroccans visiting from abroad, and the Moroccan motorways even have service centers catering to them. Since most of them have no legal status, they are vulnerable to social and economic marginalization. Once in Morocco, they often attempt to enter the Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla by scaling the tall border fences separating these enclaves from Morocco. "The Strait of Gibraltar: Europe's Rio Grande?" During the 1970s and 1980s, it was not unusual for political troublemakers who lived in Europe to be harassed while visiting family and friends in Morocco. Collyer, Michael (2004). Even in the 1960s, spontaneous settlement and informal recruitment by companies was more important numerically. Moroccan authorities claim that, in 2004, they prevented more than 26,000 irregular attempts to emigrate, of which 17,000 concerned sub-Saharan immigrants. Votre seule obligation initiale est de vous inscrire à un poste de police local ou au bure… En général, pour être éligible à une demande de visa immigrant, un ressortissant étranger doit être sponsorisé par un membre de famille immédiate détenant la citoyenneté américaine ou le statut de résident permanent légale ; ou par un employeur éventuel, et être bénéficière d’une pétition approuvée par USCIS. Caregivers. Immigrate by starting a business and creating jobs. Self-employed. Immigration control ranks high on the European Union's (EU) agenda, and, as a result, the EU's relationship with Morocco has endured considerable stress. Briscoe, Ivan (2004). Die zuständige Behörde hat die Ausnahmegenehmigung nun widerrufen. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) office in Morocco has recognized about 2,100 people in Morocco today as refugees, but the BRA generally does not grant them status. Huntoon, L. (1998). Weltweit stark erhöhtes Risiko. Rapport de Rercherche. In Russell King, Paolo De Mas, and Jan Mansvelt Beck (eds). Madrid: Ediciones UAM y Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales. An increasing proportion of independent labor migrants to Southern Europe are women who work as domestic workers, nannies, cleaners, or in agriculture and small industries. C’est en partie le résultat d’un débat trop souvent posé en terme « d’immigration ». This process has apparently already been set in motion with mounting overland immigration from sub-Saharan countries. Florence: European University Institute, RSCAS. The EU's support for Morocco's economic transition is mainly implemented through the MEDA (Mésures d'Accompagnement or Accompanying Measures) program, which aims to increase competitiveness by developing the private sector and promoting good governance. Maroc; Au Maroc, le père Antoine Exelmans, un héros de l'ombre au service des migrants. Vous trouverez des informations spécifiques comment faire une demande d'immigration sur le site webde l'USCIS. Coronavirus aktuell: Alle Nachrichten, Informationen und Zahlen zu Covid-19 in Deutschland und weltweit findest du hier LIVE! There has been roughly one fatality per 100 interceptions since the late 1990s, mostly due to drowning. Persistent demand for migrant labor in Western Europe in agricultural, construction, and service sectors, along with high youth unemployment and low wages, suggest that emigration is likely to continue at high levels in the near future. Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalisation and Poverty, University of Sussex. Until the 1960s, Spain itself remained a source of labor migrants to northern Europe and even to Algeria. Service. Despite intensified border controls, tens of thousands of Moroccans and, increasingly, other Africans manage to enter Europe each year. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Ambassade d’Autriche au Maroc : 2, rue Tiddas, Rabat Tél: 05 37 76 40 03 / 05 37 76 16 98 Fax: 05 37 76 54 25 E-mail:rabat-ob@bmeia.gv.at; Ambassade du Maroc en Autriche : Since the oil crisis, a relatively small number of Moroccans have migrated to Libya (120,000) and the oil-rich gulf countries (several tens of thousands) to work on temporary contracts. According to official numbers, 1,035 migrants died between 1999 and 2003 while migrating to Spain. Moreover, there was a growing consciousness that Morocco's policies alienated the migrant population from state institutions rather than binding them closer to their home country. Consequently, the destination countries closed their frontiers for new labor immigrants and introduced visa requirements for Moroccan visitors. Accord maroco-autrichien sur le rapatriement des immigrants Marocains illégaux. La section consulaire de l’Ambassade d’Autriche à Rabat est ouverte, en ce qui concerne les dossiers de visa, du lundi au jeudi, de 9h00 à 11h30.Durant certains jours fériés autrichiens ou marocains, la section consulaire de l’Ambassade est fermée. Immigrate by providing care for children, the elderly or those with medical needs, or work as a live-in caregiver. Return migration peaked in 1991 at 40,000 returnees. About 55 percent are estimated to be Moroccan and 43 percent sub-Saharan African, compared to 81 and two percent in 1999, respectively. In particular, remittances were expected to make a contribution to prosperity and thus dampen the rebellious tendency. In many respects, the Strait of Gibraltar is the European Union's equivalent of the Rio Grande between the U.S. and Mexico. Italy and in particular Spain have replaced France as the primary destination for new Moroccan labor migrants. Spain is located only 14 kilometers from the Moroccan coast, and the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the northern Moroccan coast literally represent "Europe in Africa." Vienne avait déjà plafonné récemment le nombre de demandes d’asile à 127.500 sur quatre ans, ce qui représente 1,5% de la population. Fadloullah, Abdellatif; Abdallah Berrada and Mohamed Khachani (2000). Jetzt sind die Einreisebeschränkungen ausgeweitet worden. « Nous sommes déjà l’un des pays avec le plus grand nombre d’expulsions, mais nous allons encore les augmenter », explique Johanna Mikl-Leitner dans un communiqué. Aucune évaluation ne sera entreprise de notre part si nous ne recevons pas votre paiement. Return migration rates among Moroccans have been among the lowest of all immigrant groups in Europe. Available online. Parler correctement allemand ne sera peut-être plus suffisant pour de nombreux étrangers qui vivent en Autriche, rapporte l’Obs. l`Espagne et de l`Italie en Europe, avec des milliers de perte de vie humaine, en passant par le Maroc et la cote Libyenne avec de nouvelles formes d`esclavage. Entre les coupes d'aides sociales et la peur de l'étranger entretenue par les autorités, comment les migrants et les demandeurs d'asile vivent-ils dans un pays sous pression populiste ? Until then, the Moroccan government had attempted to maintain tight control of Moroccans living in Europe by actively discouraging their integration into the receiving societies, including naturalization. Salé: Beni Snassen. Over the second half of the 20th century, Morocco has evolved into one of the world's leading emigration countries. Cliniques privées : Tarification nationale de référence, Le non-respect est la règle. Lindstrom, Channe (2002). Paris: CIMADE. Austria's flexible immigration model, the Red-White-Red Card, offers qualified third-country workers and their family members a single permit for working and settling permanently in Austria. Paper presented at the XXV International Population Conference, Tours, France, July 18-23, 2005. Following the Arab-Islamic conquests beginning in the seventh century, mostly Arabic-speaking population groups migrated to present-day Morocco. Global Migration Perspectives research papers series No 28. Plus d'informations sur la personne. ⭐NOUVEAU ⭐ Vous pouvez désormais regarder le direct de BFMTV au format vertical sur notre application. Of the total MEDA aid budget of 426 million euros for 2000-2006, 115 million euros (27 percent) are being spent to "break out of the circle of weak growth, unemployment, poverty, and migration" through support for the control of illegal immigration and rural development programs. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sophie Wilmès and Minister of Development Cooperation Meryame Kitir underline that Belgium remains committed to the protection and promotion of all human rights for all. Des réfugiés se multiplient dans le monde avec une assistance humanitaire qui devient plus complexe pour les pays d`accueil, de transit ou d`origine et pour la communauté internationale. El Mansouri, E. (1996). Si vous n'avez pas un emploi à ce moment là, un permis de séjour de 6 mois vous sera accordé, mais avec un emploi, vous obtiendrez un permis de 5 ans. The actual amount of remittances is estimated to be at least one-quarter to one-third higher — or about $1 billion — because money is also sent through informal channels or in the form of goods taken to Morocco. This process of family formation largely explains the striking persistence of Moroccan migration to the classic European destination countries. There is evidence that a substantial minority of immigrants to Morocco have migrated for reasons that fall under the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. Barros, Lucile; Mehdi Lahlou; Claire Escoffier; Pablo Pumares; and Paolo Ruspini (2002). US-Präsident Trump setzte große Hoffnungen in ein Malaria-Medikament gegen das Coronavirus. Un total de 9,5 millions de touristes ont visité le Maroc durant les onze premiers mois de 2016, en hausse de 0,8% par rapport à la même période en 2015, selon l'Observatoire du tourisme. Therefore, they lack rights to employment, education, and health care. Immigrate by graduating from a school or working in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, or Newfoundland and Labrador. Lahlou, Mehdi (2005). "Family-forming Migration from Turkey and Morocco to Belgium: The Demand for Marriage Partners from the Countries of Origin". Präsident Donald Trump greift deswegen nun hart durch und zu einer Maßnahme, die es noch nie gab. Rabat: CERED, 79-93. Commission européenne - Politiques, informations et services Despite the level of remittances, few migrants seem inclined to start enterprises in Morocco. Recently, even migrants from Asian countries, such as India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, have transited through Morocco via the Saharan route. "Migrations irrégulières transméditerranéennes entre le Maghreb et l'Union Européenne: Evolutions Récentes." Morocco has been relatively successful in channeling remittances through official channels. The colonial era (1912 to 1956) also marked the beginning of migration to France. "Unauthorized entry at Europe’s southern borders: Routes, dynamics and fatalities." Besides the increasing reliance on family migration, a second consequence of restrictive immigration policies in Europe was an increase in the number of undocumented labor migrants, particularly in Spain and Italy. Second, besides a certain reluctance to play the role of Europe's policeman and massively expel sub-Saharan immigrants, which might also harm strategic political relations with sub-Saharan countries, Moroccan policymakers claim it is impossible to stop migration as long as the economic and political root causes persist. Make it in Germany. This foundation helps them in various ways, both in Europe and during their summer holidays in Morocco, and seeks to inform and guide migrants on investment opportunities. Au cours de son séjour, elle a signé au nom de son pays, plusieurs accords avec le Maroc, dont le plus important – At first glance, these policies seem to have reversed the stagnation in remittances. In recent years — especially after the terrorist attacks in Madrid in March 2004, in which several Moroccans were involved — immigration is increasingly linked to security issues. Available online. All rights reserved. Die „Black Lives Matter“-Proteste könnten die Situation wieder verschärfen. Trade, migration and cross-border human mobility are inherently interconnected; without people, goods and services would be unable to cross borders and contribute to formal economic development. More recently, a growing number of Moroccan migrants have settled in Canada and the U.S.. Geography, Environment and Development in the Mediterranean. Politique Européenne de Voisinage, Barrage aux Sudistes. In September 2005, at least five people died and more than 40 were injured in such a massive border-crossing attempt in Ceuta. In 2003, Morocco passed a new law regulating the entry and residence of foreigners. These African migrants to Morocco face substantial xenophobia and social and economic marginalization. France is home to the largest legally residing population of people of Moroccan descent (more than 1,025,000), followed by Spain (397,000), the Netherlands (315,000), Italy (287,000), Belgium (215,000), and Germany (99,000). Giubilaro, Donatella (1997). For the time being and until further notice, Belgian embassies and consulates no longer accept any visa applications and no longer issue visas, except in exceptional cases (essential travel). The French colonization of Algeria in 1830 heralded the beginning of a period of economic and political restructuring, which created entirely new migration patterns from Morocco. International Migration Review, 38(4), 1348-1371. Note importante: Veuillez noter que l'évaluation pour les fins de la résidence permanente est payante (coût : 45$ Can, taxes incluses, payable à l'avance (voir modes de paiement en cliquant ici)) *. Increasing civil liberties meant more freedom among migrants to establish organizations such as Berber, "home town," and aid associations. Migrations irrégulières transméditerranéennes et relations Maroc – Union européenne. Der News-Ticker. These measures are in line with the "positive attitude" adopted in the early 1990s. : +212522 54 81 53 à 57 Willkommen auf der Flughafen Wien Homepage! Others try to pursue studies in Morocco. Second, protectionist policies prevent Morocco from exporting agricultural products to the EU, while many undocumented Moroccan migrant workers help harvest produce in EU countries. Mauern und Grenzschließungen können Erreger wie Sars-CoV-2 nicht aufhalten: Im Inneren der Vereinigten Staaten sehen sich die Gesundheitsbehörden … Although the majority of labor migrants ended up staying permanently, the late 1980s and early 1990s saw waves of return migration. Si vous restez plus de trois mois, vous devez présenter une demande de carte d'identité spéciale (EWR-Lichtbildausweis), qui comprend un titre de séjour. Significant funds from the MEDA program target the stated goal of immigration reduction. In the eyes of the Moroccan government, the EU's intention to create a "common Euro-Mediterranean space" is perceived as lacking credibility for a number of reasons. Ltd. is a commercial company working in partnership with the Embassy of Austria in Rabat to provide Austria visa application services in Morocco. Morocco's current population is about 30 million; over two million people of Moroccan descent currently live in Western Europe. The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) is an international organisation with … Atlas de la inmigración marroquí en España. In order to discuss ways that Spain and Senegal could deter illegal migration, Spanish Foreign Minister Arancha Gonzalez Laya traveled to the Senegalese capital Dakar at the weekend to meet with the country's president, Macky Sall, Foreign Minister Aissata Tall Sall, as … On several occasions since the late 1980s, Italian and Spanish governments were compelled to grant legal status to Moroccans and other migrants through successive regularization campaigns. Ever since the 1960s, the Moroccan government has encouraged emigration on political and economic grounds. Centuries-old seasonal and circular rural-to-rural migration patterns existed between marginal rural areas and relatively prosperous regions and towns in western Morocco. Available online. They generally enter Morocco at the border east of Oujda from Algeria after they have crossed the Sahara overland, usually through Niger. Welcome to the Federal Government‘s official information website on migration to Austria! Das Coronavirus könnte für viele Amerikaner schlimme Folgen haben. de Haas, Hein and Roald Plug (forthcoming). En ce qui concerne les réfugiés, le FPÖ considère le Convention de … Die USA haben Einreisen stark eingeschränkt. In 1912, the Franco-Spanish protectorate over Morocco was formally established. CARIM (Euro-Mediterranean Consortium for Applied Research on International Migration) database, demographic module. To be published in International Migration Review in 2006. "Immigration to Spain: Implications for a Unified European Union Immigration Policy." Die USA haben sich bei der Entwicklung und Herstellung von Impfstoffen in der Corona-Krise in die Pole Position manövriert. Copyright © 2001-2020 Migration Policy Institute. Le gouvernement autrichien a annoncé dimanche, via son ministre de l’Intérieur Johanna Mikl-Leitne, son intention d’expulser davantage de migrants et a inscrit le Maroc, l’Algérie ainsi que la Tunisie sur sa liste des pays sûrs, ce qui permettra d’accélérer les expulsions. There is also increasing concern about Morocco's role as a transit country for migrants from sub-Saharan Africa. López García, Bernabé and Mohamed Berriane (2004). Massive family reunification in the 1970s and 1980s foreshadowed this shift to more permanent migration. Coronavirus : la liste des laboratoires autorisés pour le dépistage [Document], Abdeslam Ahizoune, « Meilleur Président exécutif arabe dans le secteur des télécoms », Évolution du coronavirus au Maroc : 2012 nouveaux cas, 399.609 au total, dimanche 13 décembre à 18 heures, Banque de projets : voici ce qui a été fait jusqu’à présent, L’américain Adient lance une deuxième usine au Maroc, Les Marocains seraient parmi les plus malhonnêtes au monde, Vaccination anti-Covid 19 : Khalid Ait Taleb détaille les modalités, Meilleure modélisation Covid-19 : les Marocains Omar Skali Lami et Hamza Tazi Bouardi reviennent sur leurs contributions.

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